Education, Training and Skill Development in India : First Five Year Plan(1951-56 to Eleventh Five Year Plan(2007-12)
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Launched in November 2000, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a comprehensive programme and the main vehicle for providing elementary education to all children. With the expansion of elementary education, an increasing number of students reach the secondary stage. The year 2008-09 was a momentous year for secondary education in India when a new Centrally-sponsored scheme to universalise education at secondary stage was launched. Vocational education remains within the broader school curriculum and involves provision of specific skills to increase the employability of the students on completion of formal education. Higher education is of vital importance for the country in consolidating its comparative advantage in skill- and knowledge-intensive services and in building a knowledge-based society. The investment made in higher education over the years has given the country a strong knowledge base in many fields and contributed significantly to economic development, social progress and political democracy in independent India. Adult literacy and further education of the literates is as vital an area as universal elementary education.
Total Literacy Campaign (TLC) has been the principal strategy of National Literacy Mission (NLM) for eradication of illiteracy in the target group. For Indian economy, growing at the rate of 8 to 9 per cent, skill development poses major challenges and also opens up unprecedented doors of opportunity. Co-ordinated action on skill development as proposed by Planning Commission was approved by the Cabinet on May 15, 2008. The approved Co-ordinated Action on Skill Development envisaged setting up of a three-tier institutional structure involving Prime Minister's National Council on Skill Development for policy direction to be supported by National Skill Development Co-ordination Board and National Skill Development Corporation. The institutional structure was put in place in 2008 itself. This book provides a comprehensive introduction on current status of education, training and skill development in India. More importantly, it contains Plan-wise documentation of objectives, policies, programmes and achievements in these areas.
Other books by edited Rameshwari Pandya
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