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Encyclopaedia of North-East India (Assam, Meghalaya), Vol.1: Book by T. Raatan

Encyclopaedia of North-East India (Assam, Meghalaya), Vol.1

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ISBN: 9788178352732    Publisher: Kalpaz Publications Year of publishing: 2006     Format:  Hardback No of Pages: 265        Language: English
Description About The Author:- T.Raatan is Director of Public Libraries, Itanagar. Well-conversant with the library science and originally from Arunachal, he has put in his sincere efforts in popularizing...Read more
Description About The Author:- T.Raatan is Director of Public Libraries, Itanagar. Well-conversant with the library science and originally from Arunachal, he has put in his sincere efforts in popularizing this subjects.Contents:- Vol 1- Contents, Preface 9, Introduction 11, Section-I, ASSAM, 1. The Land and the People: A Background 21, Brief History • British Period • Assam Under Independent India •, Consequences of English Rule • (i) Systemof Education • (ii) Education, of Girl Child (iii) Financial Transformation in Assam • (iv) Internal, Regulation • (v) Means of Communication and Transporation • Impact, of Gandhi and His Movements in Assam • (i) Faith in Non-violence •, (ii) Communal Unity • (iii) Famous Montague-Chelmsford Reforms, 1918 • (iv) Holding of Assam Chatra Sanmilan • (v) Civil, Disobedience Satyagraha of 1929 • (vi) The Latter Phase of Movement., • (vii) Impact in the Hills • (viii) Jadonnang and Freedom Struggle •, (ix) The Movement of Rani Gaidinliu • (x) 1942 Movement • (xi), Attainment of India Freedom and Partitions., 2. Assam in Post-1947 Period 35, Problems After Partition: Inflow of Refugees • Difficulties of, Immigrants • Fresh Planning for National Development •, Disintegration of States • Emergence of Nagaland • Re-organisation, of the State of Assam • Targets under the Five Year Plans • (i), Introducing Five Year Plan • (ii) Five Year Plan from 1956-61 • (iii), Five Year Plan of April 1961 to 31 March 1966 • (iv) War for, Formation of Bangladesh • ASU Movement from1979-85 • (i) Subject, of Foreign Nationals • (ii) Success and the Downfall • (iii) Updating, of Rolls for Mangaldai • (iv) Severe Step of Agitation • (v), Arrangements for Mid-term Polls • (vi) The Second Phase of the, Protest., 3. Identity Crisis 47, Bengalis in Assam • Conclusion • The Nepalis as Foreigner/Indian •, (a) Socio-Legal Status of Nepalis in India • (b) Heterogeneous Nature, of Community of Bengalis • (c) Factors behind Migration from Nepal, 6 Encyclopaedia of North- East India, • (d) Less Backlash from Bourgeoisie • Bohiragatos--The Indian, Foreigners in Assam • The Marwaris in Assam • (a) Factors Behind, their Success • (b) Moneylenders' Role of Marwaris • (c) Relations, with Local Asamiyas • The Biharis as Hindi Speakers in Assam• Non-, Hindi Speaking Indians., 4. Positive Side of Assam Movement 83, The Description • (a) Historical Transformation • (b) Enhancing, Land Revenue • (c) Dominance of Dominant Class • (d) Use of, Persuasive Methods • (e) Neglible Identity Crisis • The Text of the, Memorandum Submitted to the Chief Election Commissioner by, Certain Distinguished Members of Parliament, 1979 • This extract, is about violence occurred during the Assam movement • They are, Burning the Bridges • RCPI • PTCA • JANATA-S •, INDEPENDENTS • Assam Accord 1985 (Memorandum of, Settlement) • Foreigners Issue • Safeguards and Economic, Development • Restoration ofNormalcy • The Aims and Objectives, of the AGP., 5. Dawn of Consciousness: 1978 to 1981 99, Byelections of 1979 • Various Organisations/Agencies and Leaders, Behind the Movement • Collapse of the Borbora Ministry • The, Movement Gains Strength • Mid-Term Election Issue •, Uncompromising Twin Leadership • Emergency in Assam and, Presidential Rule • Agents of Movement; Victims of Atrocities • Antisocial, Elements • Open Pledge in Public Meetings • Oil as an Effective, Measure • Violence and Victimisation in North Kamrup • Incidents of, Duliajan • 26th January Tragedy • Letter of the P.M. and the First, Round of Talks • Visit of Giani Zail Singh • AIPP Conference and, Third Round of Talks • Beginning on 24th March of the Blockade by, the Congress--I • Formation of All AssamMinorities Students'Union, (AAMSU) • State Government's Stand Against the Movement • Visit, of Prime Minister to Assam and Meghalaya • Suspension of Oil, Blockade • April andMayDevelopments • Protest by ForeignNationals, of Bangladesh • The Defeat of Government in Another Legal Battle •, Talks between theGovernment and Students •Development in October, andNovember, 1980 • Elections after the Emergency • The Atmosphere, of Terror • Ban on Press • Restoration of Oil Flow • Appeal of the, Taimur Government • Duration of Low Profile., 6. Socio-Cultural and Linguistic Set-up of Assam 131, Linguistic Position of Assamese • Script of the Language of Assam •, Literature of Assam • Special Features of Assamese Society., Contents 7, Section-II, MEGHALYA, 7. The Land and the People 145, Geographical Position of East Pakistan • (A) Nagaland (the Naga Hills-, Tuensang region) • (B) The North-East Frontier Agency • Eco-Political, Troubles • The Contributors (A) Capt williamson A. Sangma •, (B) Prof. G.G. Swell • (C) Mr. Stanley Nichols Roy., 8. Constitution, the Law and the Local Administration 163, The Seventy Third Amendment of 1992 and the State of Meghalaya •, The Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution., 9. Efficacy of Autonomous District Councils 177, Efficacy of ADCs in Meghalaya • (a) Judiciary • (b) Administrative, Control of the District Council Exercised by the State Government, through the Deputy Commissioner • (c) Provision of 12(a) and 12(b) •, (d) Relevance of 73rd Amendment • II. Politics behind Para 12A of, the Sixth Schedule • Analysis., 10. Old Tribal Set-up 189, (a) The Traditional Political Systems: A Generalised Approximation •, (i) Traditional political system of Khasis • (ii) Traditional Political, System of Jaintias • (iii) The Traditional Political System of the, Garos • (b) Incorporation, Colonial Intervention and Consequent, Distortion of the Traditional Political Systems • (c) Independence and, Integration: Sixth Schedule and the Traditional Political Institutions •, (d) Concluding Remarks., 11. Comparison of Functioning of Old and New Self-Governing, Bodies 203, 1. Full State Darbar i.e., Ka Darbar ka Hima Pyllum • 2. Dorbar of, Thirty Villages i.e. Ka Dorbar Raid or Ka Dorbar Laiphew Shnong • 3., Council called Ka Darbar Ki Kyntoit or Ka Darbar Pyllun • 4. Village, Level Darbar, i.e., Ka Darbar Shnong (Village or Local Darbar) • 5., Clan Council, i.e., Dorbar Kur • A Brief Description of the Dorbar, Shong and PRIs and Comparison between them • 1. Origin and the, Background • 2. Locality • 3. Criteria for Membership • 4. Institutional, Leaders • 5. Written/Unwritten Laws and Practices • 6. Area of, Functioning • 7. The Staff • 8. Party Politics • 9. Power, Autonomy, and Control • 10. Monetary Aspects • 11. Possessions • 12. Activities, • 13. Issue of Accountability • The Recommendations., 12. Women and the System of Local Self-governance 213, (A) The State of Meghalaya and The Constitution 73rd Amendment, Act • Reservation for Women and the 73rd Amendment Act •, 8 Encyclopaedia of North- East India, OrganisationsWorking forWomen in Meghalaya • 1. Political Parties, andWomen in Meghalaya • (B) Women in District, State and Central, Level Politics • (C) Summing Up., 13. Concept of New Class 229, Different Kinds of Political Pressures • Handling of these Pressures, by Bureaucracy • Results of Unfavourable Reaction to Political, Pressures • Sum Up., 14. Defects with Bureaucratic Functioning 241, Corruption in Functioning• I. Ethical Factor • II. Monetary Factor •, III. Political Factor • IV. Structural Factor • V. Soico-Cultural Factor, • Steps that can be Taken Corruption • I. Societal Structure • II. Financial, Measures • III Political Aspect • Need for Structural Reforms • Lack, of Efficiency I. Administrative Reasons • II. Political Reasons • III., Social Reasons • IV. Personal Factor • V. Financial Factor • D., Remedial Measures Against Inefficiency • (a) Administrative Steps. •, (b) Political Steps. • Steps for Improving Personal Standard andAbility., Index 259.About The Book:- The Far-Flung Region Of North-East Remained Neglected From Centuries In The Pre-Independence Era. However An Attempt Has Been Made By The Government To Bifurcate It Into Eight States Which Have Been Dealt With In These Three Volumes.

The Contents Have Deep Bearing On The Land And The People, Production And Mineral Resources, Economy And Trade, Education And Efforts To Promote Literacy, Enrolment Of Students Both Boys And Girls, Administrative And Political Struggle, Principal Deities In The State, Pofur Dances, Art And Music, The Economic Development, Relief Measures And Developmental Schemes Being Implemented By The Government, Postal Services And Communication And Last But Not The Least The Provision Of Basic Facilities Like Drinking Water And Medical.

These Volumes Will Be Useful For Teachers, Statesmen Scholars And Students Interested In Deep Details On North-East Region., About The Author:- T.Raatan Is Director Of Public Libraries, Itanagar. Well-Conversant With The Library Science And Originally From Arunachal, He Has Put In His Sincere Efforts In Popularizing This Subjects., Content:- Vol 1- Contents, Preface 9, Introduction 11, Section-I, Assam, 1. The Land And The People: A Background 21, Brief History • British Period • Assam Under Independent India •, Consequences Of English Rule • (I) Systemof Education • (Ii) Education, Of Girl Child (Iii) Financial Transformation In Assam • (Iv) Internal, Regulation • (V) Means Of Communication And Transporation • Impact, Of Gandhi And His Movements In Assam • (I) Faith In Non-Violence •, (Ii) Communal Unity • (Iii) Famous Montague-Chelmsford Reforms, 1918 • (Iv) Holding Of Assam Chatra Sanmilan • (V) Civil, Disobedience Satyagraha Of 1929 • (Vi) The Latter Phase Of Movement., • (Vii) Impact In The Hills • (Viii) Jadonnang And Freedom Struggle •, (Ix) The Movement Of Rani Gaidinliu • (X) 1942 Movement • (Xi), Attainment Of India Freedom And Partitions., 2. Assam In Post-1947 Period 35, Problems After Partition: Inflow Of Refugees • Difficulties Of, Immigrants • Fresh Planning For National Development •, Disintegration Of States • Emergence Of Nagaland • Re-Organisation, Of The State Of Assam • Targets Under The Five Year Plans • (I), Introducing Five Year Plan • (Ii) Five Year Plan From 1956-61 • (Iii), Five Year Plan Of April 1961 To 31 March 1966 • (Iv) War For, Formation Of Bangladesh • Asu Movement From1979-85 • (I) Subject, Of Foreign Nationals • (Ii) Success And The Downfall • (Iii) Updating, Of Rolls For Mangaldai • (Iv) Severe Step Of Agitation • (V), Arrangements For Mid-Term Polls • (Vi) The Second Phase Of The, Protest., 3. Identity Crisis 47, Bengalis In Assam • Conclusion • The Nepalis As Foreigner/Indian •, (A) Socio-Legal Status Of Nepalis In India • (B) Heterogeneous Nature, Of Community Of Bengalis • (C) Factors Behind Migration From Nepal, 6 Encyclopaedia Of North- East India, • (D) Less Backlash From Bourgeoisie • Bohiragatos--The Indian, Foreigners In Assam • The Marwaris In Assam • (A) Factors Behind, Their Success • (B) Moneylenders' Role Of Marwaris • (C) Relations, With Local Asamiyas • The Biharis As Hindi Speakers In Assam• Non-, Hindi Speaking Indians., 4. Positive Side Of Assam Movement 83, The Description • (A) Historical Transformation • (B) Enhancing, Land Revenue • (C) Dominance Of Dominant Class • (D) Use Of, Persuasive Methods • (E) Neglible Identity Crisis • The Text Of The, Memorandum Submitted To The Chief Election Commissioner By, Certain Distinguished Members Of Parliament, 1979 • This Extract, Is About Violence Occurred During The Assam Movement • They Are, Burning The Bridges • Rcpi • Ptca • Janata-S •, Independents • Assam Accord 1985 (Memorandum Of, Settlement) • Foreigners Issue • Safeguards And Economic, Development • Restoration Ofnormalcy • The Aims And Objectives, Of The Agp., 5. Dawn Of Consciousness: 1978 To 1981 99, Byelections Of 1979 • Various Organisations/Agencies And Leaders, Behind The Movement • Collapse Of The Borbora Ministry • The, Movement Gains Strength • Mid-Term Election Issue •, Uncompromising Twin Leadership • Emergency In Assam And, Presidential Rule • Agents Of Movement; Victims Of Atrocities • Antisocial, Elements • Open Pledge In Public Meetings • Oil As An Effective, Measure • Violence And Victimisation In North Kamrup • Incidents Of, Duliajan • 26Th January Tragedy • Letter Of The P.M. And The First, Round Of Talks • Visit Of Giani Zail Singh • Aipp Conference And, Third Round Of Talks • Beginning On 24Th March Of The Blockade By, The Congress--I • Formation Of All Assamminorities Students'Union, (Aamsu) • State Government'S Stand Against The Movement • Visit, Of Prime Minister To Assam And Meghalaya • Suspension Of Oil, Blockade • April Andmaydevelopments • Protest By Foreignnationals, Of Bangladesh • The Defeat Of Government In Another Legal Battle •, Talks Between Thegovernment And Students •Development In October, Andnovember, 1980 • Elections After The Emergency • The Atmosphere, Of Terror • Ban On Press • Restoration Of Oil Flow • Appeal Of The, Taimur Government • Duration Of Low Profile., 6. Socio-Cultural And Linguistic Set-Up Of Assam 131, Linguistic Position Of Assamese • Script Of The Language Of Assam •, Literature Of Assam • Special Features Of Assamese Society., Contents 7, Section-Ii, Meghalya, 7. The Land And The People 145, Geographical Position Of East Pakistan • (A) Nagaland (The Naga Hills-, Tuensang Region) • (B) The North-East Frontier Agency • Eco-Political, Troubles • The Contributors (A) Capt Williamson A. Sangma •, (B) Prof. G.G. Swell • (C) Mr. Stanley Nichols Roy., 8. Constitution, The Law And The Local Administration 163, The Seventy Third Amendment Of 1992 And The State Of Meghalaya •, The Sixth Schedule Of The Indian Constitution., 9. Efficacy Of Autonomous District Councils 177, Efficacy Of Adcs In Meghalaya • (A) Judiciary • (B) Administrative, Control Of The District Council Exercised By The State Government, Through The Deputy Commissioner • (C) Provision Of 12(A) And 12(B) •, (D) Relevance Of 73Rd Amendment • Ii. Politics Behind Para 12A Of, The Sixth Schedule • Analysis., 10. Old Tribal Set-Up 189, (A) The Traditional Political Systems: A Generalised Approximation •, (I) Traditional Political System Of Khasis • (Ii) Traditional Political, System Of Jaintias • (Iii) The Traditional Political System Of The, Garos • (B) Incorporation, Colonial Intervention And Consequent, Distortion Of The Traditional Political Systems • (C) Independence And, Integration: Sixth Schedule And The Traditional Political Institutions •, (D) Concluding Remarks., 11. Comparison Of Functioning Of Old And New Self-Governing, Bodies 203, 1. Full State Darbar I.E., Ka Darbar Ka Hima Pyllum • 2. Dorbar Of, Thirty Villages I.E. Ka Dorbar Raid Or Ka Dorbar Laiphew Shnong • 3., Council Called Ka Darbar Ki Kyntoit Or Ka Darbar Pyllun • 4. Village, Level Darbar, I.E., Ka Darbar Shnong (Village Or Local Darbar) • 5., Clan Council, I.E., Dorbar Kur • A Brief Description Of The Dorbar, Shong And Pris And Comparison Between Them • 1. Origin And The, Background • 2. Locality • 3. Criteria For Membership • 4. Institutional, Leaders • 5. Written/Unwritten Laws And Practices • 6. Area Of, Functioning • 7. The Staff • 8. Party Politics • 9. Power, Autonomy, And Control • 10. Monetary Aspects • 11. Possessions • 12. Activities, • 13. Issue Of Accountability • The Recommendations., 12. Women And The System Of Local Self-Governance 213, (A) The State Of Meghalaya And The Constitution 73Rd Amendment, Act • Reservation For Women And The 73Rd Amendment Act •, 8 Encyclopaedia Of North- East India, Organisationsworking Forwomen In Meghalaya • 1. Political Parties, Andwomen In Meghalaya • (B) Women In District, State And Central, Level Politics • (C) Summing Up., 13. Concept Of New Class 229, Different Kinds Of Political Pressures • Handling Of These Pressures, By Bureaucracy • Results Of Unfavourable Reaction To Political, Pressures • Sum Up., 14. Defects With Bureaucratic Functioning 241, Corruption In Functioning• I. Ethical Factor • Ii. Monetary Factor •, Iii. Political Factor • Iv. Structural Factor • V. Soico-Cultural Factor, • Steps That Can Be Taken Corruption • I. Societal Structure • Ii. Financial, Measures • Iii Political Aspect • Need For Structural Reforms • Lack, Of Efficiency I. Administrative Reasons • Ii. Political Reasons • Iii., Social Reasons • Iv. Personal Factor • V. Financial Factor • D., Remedial Measures Against Inefficiency • (A) Administrative Steps. •, (B) Political Steps. • Steps For Improving Personal Standard Andability., Index 259.
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